1. The instructor should test fly and trim airplane prior to allowing student to attempt to fly the airplane. The use of a buddy cord is highly recommended.
2. The instructor should ensure that the student becomes proficient in the following areas:
a. Ground control - taxi in a straight line b. Level flight with level right and left hand turns and figure 8 maneuver. c. Control of the direction and altitude of the aircraft, , i.e., the student should be able to fly from destination to destination as directed by the instructor, including the ability to positively control the aircraft when flying towards him/herself. d. Learn principles of aircraft stalls (both low and high speed) and how to prevent a stall and to recover from one. e. Learn simple maneuver of a loop (optional maneuver of a roll). f. At a reasonable learning altitude, the student should be instructed in the proper technique for making approaches for landing. This should include a downwind base leg, and final approach which aligns airplane with the runway. g. Only after gaining proficiency in the above points should takeoffs and landings be attempted. h. Taxi and takeoffs with rotation techniques (takeoffs should turn away from the pit area). i. Landing should be attempted only if proper runway alignment is achieved. Student should be instructed in the use of throttle and rudder controls to gain alignment with runway and with flaring techniques. j. Emergency landings (dead-stick maneuvering).
As a courtesy to other pilots, and for their safety, you should verbally announce your intentions anytime you or your aircraft enter the flight area (sometimes referred to as the landing zone*).
"Coming out"as you prepare to place your aircraft on the runway.
"Taking Off"is pretty much self explanatory.
"Setting up to land" as you begin your downwind leg gives others time to clear the area for you.
"Landing" as you are on final approach.
"On the runway" if you enter the runway for any reason. Be courteous and inform the other pilots BEFORE you enter the runway.
"Runway clear" after you have exited the runway.
"Dead stick" when your engine dies while in the air. Other pilots will pass this announcement down the line as it is a signal for everyone to immediate clear the landing zone*.
"Touch and go" or "Slow fly-by" (note that high speed low passes and acrobatics directly over the runway when other pilots are on station are forbidden. These may only be performed out past the crop line).
"Aircraft down..... ''(followed by the general area).
"I ain't got it !!" If a pilot will announce that he has a problem as soon as possible, other observers may be able to get a fix on the plane if it goes down. If you do get a fix, such as a certain tree, etc., do not move. CalI for another person to come stand beside you and show them the point you fixed on. Even turning around and back can lose the fix.
1. A declared
dead stick landing has priority over
all other flight activities. The runway and landing zone* must be cleared for
him. If more than one happens at the same time, the first declared has the
right-of -way, or he may yield to a lower other aircraft at his discretion.
2. Second is an aircraft with a declared equipment problem and needing to land .
3. Next priority is a declared normal landing.
4. Next priority is a touch and go, if already in progress.
5. Next priority is a declared take off.
*(The landing zone is a rectangular box with the near side being the flight line, the far side being the line between the grass and river, the ends being the East and West ends of the runway, and the height being 50 feet above the ground.)